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The Times Top 200 Artists

The Times Top 200 Artists of the 20th Century to Now, created in association with the Saatchi Gallery.  Sixteen weeks after being invited to have your say, the votes are in - all 1,461,523 of them - it is revealed who you think are the most significant 200 painters, sculptors, photographers, video and installation artists working since 1900.

Click on the artist name for more information, samples of their work or website.  See The Times article below right...

 

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Artist list

      Votes

1

Pablo Picasso

     21587

2

Paul Cezanne

     21098

3

Gustav Klimt

     20823

4

Claude Monet

     20684

5

Marcel Duchamp

     20647

6

Henri Matisse

     17096

7

Jackson Pollock

     17051

8

Andy Warhol

     17047

9

Willem De Kooning

     17042

10

Piet Mondrian

     17028

11

Paul Gauguin

     17027

12

Francis Bacon

     17018

13

Robert Rauschenberg

     16956

14

Georges Braque

     16788

15

Wassily Kandinsky

     16055

16

Constantin Brancusi

     14224

17

Kasimir Malevich

     13609

18

Jasper Johns

     12988

19

Frida Kahlo

     12940

20

Martin Kippenberger

     12784

21

Paul Klee

     12750

22

Egon Schiele

     12696

23

Donald Judd

     12613

24

Bruce Nauman

     12517

25

Alberto Giacometti

     12098

26

Salvador Dalí

     11496

27

Auguste Rodin

     8989

28

Mark Rothko

     8951

29

Edward Hopper

     8918

30

Lucian Freud

     8897

31

Richard Serra

     8858

32

Rene Magritte

     8837

33

David Hockney

     8787

34

Philip Guston

     8786

35

Henri Cartier-Bresson

     8779

36

Pierre Bonnard

     8778

37

Jean-Michel Basquiat

     8746

38

Max Ernst

     8737

39

Diane Arbus

     8733

40

Georgia O'Keeffe

     8714

41

Cy Twombly

     8708

42

Max Beckmann

     8690

43

Barnett Newman

     8643

44

Giorgio De Chirico

     8462

45

Roy Lichtenstein

     7441

46

Edvard Munch

     5080

47

Pierre Auguste Renoir

     5063

48

Man Ray

     5050

49

Henry Moore

     5045

50

Cindy Sherman

     5041

51

Jeff Koons

     5028

52

Tracey Emin

     4961

53

Damien Hirst

     4960

54

Yves Klein

     4948

55

Henri Rousseau

     4944

56

Chaim Soutine

     4927

57

Arshile Gorky

     4926

58

Amedeo Modigliani

     4924

59

Umberto Boccioni

     4918

60

Jean Dubuffet

     4910

61

Eva Hesse

     4908

62

Edouard Vuillard

     4899

63

Carl Andre

     4898

64

Juan Gris

     4898

65

Lucio Fontana

     4896

66

Franz Kline

     4894

67

David Smith

     4842

68

Joseph Beuys

     4480

69

Alexander Calder

     3241

70

Louise Bourgeois

     3240

71

Marc Chagall

     3224

72

Gerhard Richter

     3123

73

Balthus

     3090

74

Joan Miro

     3087

75

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner

     3084

76

Frank Stella

     3078

77

Georg Baselitz

     3048

78

Francis Picabia

     3046

79

Jenny Saville

     3034

80

Dan Flavin

     3024

81

Alfred Stieglitz

     3017

82

Anselm Kiefer

     3010

83

Matthew Barney

     3005

84

George Grosz

     2990

85

Bernd And Hilla Becher

     2980

86

Sigmar Polke

     2966

87

Brice Marden

     2947

88

Maurizio Cattelan

     2940

89

Sol LeWitt

     2926

90

Chuck Close

     2915

91

Edward Weston

     2899

92

Joseph Cornell

     2893

93

Karel Appel

     2890

94

Bridget Riley

     2885

95

Alexander Archipenko

     2884

96

Anthony Caro

     2879

97

Richard Hamilton

     2878

98

Clyfford Still

     2864

99

Luc Tuymans

     2862

100

Claes Oldenburg

     2843

101

Eduardo Paolozzi

     2839

102

Frank Auerbach

     2836

103

Dinos and Jake Chapman

     2827

104

Marlene Dumas

     2827

105

Antoni Tapies

     2825

106

Giorgio Morandi

     2824

107

Walker Evans

     2823

108

Nan Goldin

     2819

109

Robert Frank

     2818

110

Georges Rouault

     2818

111

Jean Arp

     2817

112

August Sander

     2809

113

James Rosenquist

     2808

114

Andreas Gursky

     2804

115

Eugene Atget

     2802

116

Jeff Wall

     2790

117

Ellsworth Kelly

     2789

118

Bill Brandt

     2787

119

Christo And Jeanne Claude

     2782

120

Howard Hodgkin

     2781

121

Josef Albers

     2781

122

Piero Manzoni

     2777

123

Agnes Martin

     2771

124

Anish Kapoor

     2768

125

L.S. Lowry

     2761

126

Robert Motherwell

     2754

127

Robert Delaunay

     2747

128

Stuart Davis

     2742

129

Ed Ruscha

     2731

130

Gilbert & George

     2729

131

Stanley Spencer

     2720

132

James Ensor

     2719

133

Fernand Leger

     2718

134

Brassai (Gyula Halasz)

     2717

135

Alexander Rodchenko

     2715

136

Robert Ryman

     2711

137

Ad Reinhardt

     2709

138

Hans Bellmer

     2700

139

Isa Genzken

     2699

140

Kees Van Dongen

     2698

141

Weegee

     2698

142

Paula Rego

     2695

143

Thomas Hart Benton

     2689

144

Hans Hofmann

     2684

145

Vladimir Tatlin

     2679

146

Odilon Redon

     2653

147

George Segal

     2619

148

Jorg Immendorff

     2611

149

Robert Smithson

     2435

150

Peter Doig

     2324

151

Ed and Nancy Kienholz

     2293

152

Richard Prince

     2266

153

Ansel Adams

     2262

154

Naum Gabo

     2256

155

Diego Rivera

     2239

156

Barbara Hepworth

     2237

157

Nicolas De Stael

     2237

158

Walter De Maria

     2229

159

Felix Gonzalez-Torres

     2228

160

Giacomo Balla

     2225

161

Ben Nicholson

     2221

162

Anthony Gormley

     2218

163

Lyonel Feininger

     2216

164

Emil Nolde

     2213

165

Mark Wallinger

     2211

166

Hermann Nitsch

     2209

167

Paul Signac

     2209

168

Jean Tinguely

     2209

169

Kurt Schwitters

     2209

170

Grayson Perry

     2208

171

Julian Schnabel

     2208

172

Raymond Duchamp-Villon

     2208

173

Robert Gober

     2208

174

Duane Hanson

     2208

175

Richard Diebenkorn

     2207

176

Alex Katz

     2207

177

Alighiero E Boetti

     2206

178

Henri Gaudier-Brzeska

     2206

179

Laszlo Moholy-Nagy

     2205

180

Jacques-Henri Lartigue

     2205

181

Robert Morris

     2205

182

Sarah Lucas

     2204

183

Jannis Kounellis

     2204

184

Chris Burden

     2204

185

Otto Dix

     2203

186

David Bomberg

     2203

187

Fischli & Weiss

     2203

188

Augustus John

     2203

189

Marsden Hartley

     2203

190

Takashi Murakami

     2203

191

James Turrell

     2202

192

Isamu Noguchi

     2201

193

Robert Mangold

     2201

194

John Chamberlain

     2201

195

Charles Demuth

     2200

196

John Currin

     2200

197

Alberto Burri

     2200

198

Arnulf Rainer

     2200

199

David Salle

     2200

200

Hiroshi Sugimoto

     2199

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The Times Top 200 Artists of the 20th Century to Now


At first glance, the results of this poll may seem rather predictable — but the longer you look, the more telling the quirks and anomalies become. This is precisely its point. It’s not there to agree with. It is there to argue against.
 
Several artists would seem to be enormously overrated. What is Martin Kippenburger doing in the Top 20, rated above Rothko and Schiele and Klee? It feels like a blip — which is probably appropriate for a radical who likes to barge in irreverently. Frida Kahlo does not merit her top spot of 19. How can this solipsistic painting by-numbers-style recorder of her own misery be placed above Munch, with his otherworldly scream? She probably represents the woman’s vote. But then, why not put Louise Bourgeois far higher — that septuagenarian who, rummaging about in the rag-and-bone shop of the heart, has had so pervasive an influence on future generations?
 
Influence, perhaps, is not adequately reflected in this list. Andy Warhol, who stamped the patterns of postmodernism, comes only eighth when the delightful but pre-eminently decorative Gustav Klimt comes in third. Do we, at heart, not appreciate the conceptual? Do we prefer a nice painting to a muddle of ideas? Marcel Duchamp, the father of the conceptual, is rated only fifth — and Richard Hamilton and Gilbert and George, so profoundly influential on their peers, come in at 97 and 130. For the significance of their work, both should make the top quarter.
 
How do the British do? Francis Bacon, that impassioned outsider, misses making the Top Ten by only nine votes. After that, you have to wait until No 30 to find Lucian Freud, who attracts only half as many aficionados. But he is our first living British artist and his fellow contemporary, David Hockney, comes in close behind. They are the British Establishment and those impudent upstarts, the Brit pack, can’t knock them from their pedestals. Vote counts have halved by the time Tracey Emin and Damien Hirst come in neck and neck, within one vote of each other at 52 and 53 respectively. But our leading modernists, it would seem, have fallen behind. Ben Nicholson and Barbara Hepworth limp home in the last quarter of the field, although Henry Moore, once a worldwide celebrity, manages to puff in at a just-about-respectable if not impressive No. 49.
 
David Bomberg, the painter’s painter, is a completely underrated straggler. He is one of several real talents who have found themselves abandoned by a fickle world of fashion. Augustus John, once so suavely famous, is all but forgotten. And when it comes to more contemporary talents, surely, had this poll been taken five years ago, the fantastical avant-garde imagination of Matthew Barney would have ranked far more highly. And what happened to Walter de Maria, whose vast, zigzagging Lightning Field captures the electricity that flickers and forks across the New Mexican desert in the name of aesthetics, or James Turrell, who is transforming a volcanic crater into a vast observatory?
 
Painting is more appealing than sculpture, apparently. Constantin Brancusi, at 16, is the first sculptor to make the list, and although the emaciated striders of Alberto Giacometti are next, they only just manage to sneak into the first 25.
 
The results show a strong inclination towards the early modern, towards styles and experiments that have had a century or so to settle down through once-outraged sensibilities, forming the deep sediment of tastes. The Top Five artists have all been dead for at least 50 years. Jasper Johns, that great American flag-bearer for a now ubiquitous appropriation of populist iconography into art, is the first living artist on the list. He comes in at 19 — and he is almost an octogenarian (although admittedly his close friend and artistic peer Robert Rauschenberg, who comes in six places and nearly 4,000 votes higher, died only last year).
 
The big, bold, pioneering talents of an audacious postwar America are the most popular after those of the early modern Europe — which, again, is predictable. It is a preference that follows the art historical canon, which, as Europe disintegrated into two world wars, watched the artistic baton being carried — more often than not in the hands of refugees — to the States.
 
From The Times Online, 2009

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